June 20 was designated World Refugee Day to advocate for refugees and other displaced people. Displaced people generally fall into three categories:
- Refugee: a person who has left their country of origin, crossing a border to settle in a new country
- Internally Displaced Person: someone who has fled their home but still lives in their country of origin
- Asylum-Seeker: a person who has fled their home country, but the host country has not officially designated them a refugee.
For more on the difference between refugees and asylum-seekers, please click here.
While a variety of factors can force people to flee their homes, armed conflict is one of the largest drivers. In all the countries where we work, (Somalia, Central African Republic, Gaza, and Somalia) there are an enormous number of refugees and IDPs. Some people have lived as refugees for decades, never knowing another way of life. To honor World Refugee Day and raise awareness, here is a list of 10 things you didn?t know about displaced people
10. The number of displaced people rose by 8.3 million people between 2013 and 2014, the largest ever increase in single a year.
9. 126,800 people returned to their country of origin in 2014, the lowest number since 1983
8. Turkey hosts the greatest number of refugees (1.59 million).
7. 42,500 people per day were forced to leave their homes due to conflict and persecution in 2014
6. 86% of refugees are hosted in developing countries.
5. Jordan hosts the greatest number of refugees compared to the size of its population. There are 232 refugees for every 1,000 Jordanians in Jordan.
4. The greatest number of refugees today are from Syria (3.88 million).
3. There are 59.5 million displaced people worldwide. If this population was a single nation, it would be the 24th largest in the world.
2. Over half of the world?s refugees are children.
1. One in every 122 people worldwide is displaced.
Adapted from the UNHCR Global Trends 2014 Report.