Warzone New: Week of November 18, 2015
In Afghanistan, many refugees who fled to Europe are being sent back and the country is struggling with resettlement efforts. Human rights groups are urging the Afghan government to reject a new law that allows indefinite detention of security suspects without trial.
In Burundi, four people have been killed in shooting attacks and explosions in the capital city, Bujumbura. Advocacy groups are calling for international response to prevent the violence from escalating in “atrocity crimes”. On Thursday, the U.N. Security Council adopted a resolution condemning the recent violence and are exploring diplomatic options and establishing establish a U.N. presence in the country, potentially including peacekeeping operations.
In the Central African Republic, at least 22 people were killed in a string of raids on villages and two camps for Internally Displaced People were attacked last week. The United Nations is now planning to send more peacekeeping troops from Côte D’Ivoire. As the violence increases in Bangui, medical and healthcare workers are often unable to access the injured and wounded due to armed groups in the area, according to the ICRC.The recent pattern of violence could impact the upcoming elections in December as well as the Pope’s visit scheduled for the end of November.
In Chad, shifting climate patterns pose a challenge, especially in the Lake Chad region which has been frequently attacked by Boko Haram. An international study on climate change released this week ranked Chad as the country with the citizens most vulnerable to climate change, which is troubling given the recent discussion on the connection between climate change and violent conflict, including remarks from U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and CIA Director John Brennan.
In Iraq, U.S. and coalition military forces have continued airstrikes following the terrorist attacks in Paris. Since 2014, ISIS has been targeting the Yazidi, a religious minority group, and this week Kurdish-led, forces retook Sinjar City from ISIS. On Thursday, the U.S. Holocaust Museum published a report labeling attacks against the Yazidi as genocide.
In Israel and Palestine, an Israeli army unit stormed a hospital and the homes of four alleged Palestinian attackers were destroyed last week. After issuing travel bans on three senior officials of the Islamic Movement, an Israeli-Arab social and political group, Israel has banned the group altogether, which some say might increase the risk of backlash from the Arab minority community.
In Libya, Islamic State-linked fighters are gaining ground, according to a U.N. report. IS militants are consolidating control over central Libya, carrying out summary executions and beheadings and attacking checkpoints, gas stations and oil fields. German diplomat Martin Kobler will take over as the top U.N. Envoy to Libya on Tuesday.
In Myanmar, after the NLD’s victory in the country’s historic elections, Myanmar’s new parliament had its first meeting since the elections. There is uncertainty about whether the new government can create real change, especially for the Rohingya. For the first time in the country’s history, the Muslim population will have no representation in parliament, raising further concerns for the future of the Rohingya.
In Nigeria, 32 people were killed and 80 are wounded in an explosion at a market in northeastern city of Yola. Boko Haram is suspected to be behind the attacks.
In Somalia, at least 11 refugees were killed in Mogadishu when security forces opened fire on people waiting in line for food cards at a camp for internally displaced people.President Mohamoud said the Somali government is seeking a political solution in addition to military action to stop al-Shabaab, the al-Qaeda-linked insurgency.
In South Sudan, both sides of the country’s civil war accused each other of violating a peace deal signed in August, after the rebels said on Tuesday that government soldiers had launched attacks in the Unity state.
In Syria, French airstrikes aimed at ISIS strongholds began in response to the terrorist attacks in Paris. In addition, Russia and The United States are pursuing more aggressive strategies, with Great Britain considering military involvement as well. The recent ISIS terrorist attacks and Western military action in Syria impacts the future for Syrian refugees.
In Turkey, world leaders met for the G20 summit, where the Paris attacks became a major focus. Dozens of people have been detained amidst protests, Turkish soldiers killed 4 suspected militants, a suicide bomber wounded 5 Turkish policemen. The U.S. and Turkey are beginning operations to secure the northern border of Syria.
In Yemen, violence has erupted in Taiz city, as troops loyal to exiled President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi battle Iran-backed Houthi forces in the besieged city. The exiled President Hadi returned, reportedly to supervise the offensive aimed at retaking rebel-controlled Taiz province.
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