1997 Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production, and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction

1997 Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production, and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction.pdf

Preamble

The States Parties,

Determined to put an end to the suffering and casualties caused by anti-personnel mines, that

kill or maim hundreds of people every week, mostly innocent and defenceless civilians and

especially children, obstruct economic development and reconstruction, inhibit the repatriation of

refugees and internally displaced persons, and have other severe consequences for years after

emplacement,

Believing it necessary to do their utmost to contribute in an efficient and coordinated manner

to face the challenge of removing anti-personnel mines placed throughout the world, and to

assure their destruction,

Wishing to do their utmost in providing assistance for the care and rehabilitation, including the

social and economic reintegration of mine victims,

Recognizing that a total ban of anti-personnel mines would also be an important

confidence-building measure,

Welcoming the adoption of the Protocol on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Mines,

Booby-Traps and Other Devices, as amended on 3 May 1996, annexed to the Convention on

Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be

Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects, and calling for the early

ratification of this Protocol by all States which have not yet done so,

Welcoming also United Nations General Assembly Resolution 51/45 S of 10 December 1996

urging all States to pursue vigorously an effective, legally-binding international agreement to ban

the use, stockpiling, production and transfer of anti-personnel landmines,

Welcoming furthermore the measures taken over the past years, both unilaterally and

multilaterally, aiming at prohibiting, restricting or suspending the use, stockpiling, production and

transfer of anti-personnel mines,

Stressing the role of public conscience in furthering the principles of humanity as evidenced by

the call for a total ban of anti-personnel mines and recognizing the efforts to that end undertaken

by the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, the International Campaign to Ban

Landmines and numerous other non-governmental organizations around the world,

Recalling the Ottawa Declaration of 5 October 1996 and the Brussels Declaration of 27 June

1997 urging the international community to negotiate an international and legally binding

agreement prohibiting the use, stockpiling, production and transfer of anti-personnel mines,

Emphasizing the desirability of attracting the adherence of all States to this Convention, and

determined to work strenuously towards the promotion of its universalization in all relevant fora

including, inter alia, the United Nations, the Conference on Disarmament, regional

organizations, and groupings, and review conferences of the Convention on Prohibitions or

Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be

Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects,

Basing themselves on the principle of international humanitarian law that the right of the

parties to an armed conflict to choose methods or means of warfare is not unlimited, on the

principle that prohibits the employment in armed conflicts of weapons, projectiles and materials

and methods of warfare of a nature to cause superfluous injury or unnecessary suffering and on

the principle that a distinction must be made between civilians and combatants,

Have agreed as follows:

Article 1

General obligations

1.Each State Party undertakes never under any circumstances:

a)To use anti-personnel mines;

b)To develop, produce, otherwise acquire, stockpile, retain or transfer to anyone, directly or

indirectly, anti-personnel mines;

c)To assist, encourage or induce, in any way, anyone to engage in any activity prohibited to a

State Party under this Convention.

2.Each State Party undertakes to destroy or ensure the destruction of all anti-personnel mines in

accordance with the provisions of this Convention.

Article 2

Definitions

1.”Anti-personnel mine” means a mine designed to be exploded by the presence, proximity or

contact of a person and that will incapacitate, injure or kill one or more persons. Mines designed

to be detonated by the presence, proximity or contact of a vehicle as opposed to a person, that

are equipped with anti-handling devices, are not considered anti-personnel mines as a result of

being so equipped.

2.”Mine” means a munition designed to be placed under, on or near the ground or other surface

area and to be exploded by the presence, proximity or contact of a person or a vehicle.

3.”Anti-handling device” means a device intended to protect a mine and which is part of, linked

to, attached to or placed under the mine and which activates when an attempt is made to

tamper with or otherwise intentionally disturb the mine.

4.”Transfer” involves, in addition to the physical movement of anti-personnel mines into or from

national territory, the transfer of title to and control over the mines, but does not involve the

transfer of territory containing emplaced anti-personnel mines.

5.”Mined area” means an area which is dangerous due to the presence or suspected presence

of mines.

Article 3

Exceptions

1.Notwithstanding the general obligations under Article 1, the retention or transfer of a number

of anti-personnel mines for the development of and training in mine detection, mine clearance,

or mine destruction techniques is permitted. The amount of such mines shall not exceed the

minimum number absolutely necessary for the above-mentioned purposes.

2.The transfer of anti-personnel mines for the purpose of destruction is permitted.

Article 4

Destruction of stockpiled anti-personnel mines

Except as provided for in Article 3, each State Party undertakes to destroy or ensure the

destruction of all stockpiled anti-personnel mines it owns or possesses, or that are under its

jurisdiction or control, as soon as possible but not later than four years after the entry into force

of this Convention for that State Party.

Article 5

Destruction of anti-personnel mines in mined areas

1.Each State Party undertakes to destroy or ensure the destruction of all anti-personnel mines in

mined areas under its jurisdiction or control, as soon as possible but not later than ten years

after the entry into force of this Convention for that State Party.

2.Each State Party shall make every effort to identify all areas under its jurisdiction or control in

which anti-personnel mines are known or suspected to be emplaced and shall ensure as soon

as possible that all anti-personnel mines in mined areas under its jurisdiction or control are

perimeter-marked, monitored and protected by fencing or other means, to ensure the effective

exclusion of civilians, until all anti-personnel mines contained therein have been destroyed. The

marking shall at least be to the standards set out in the Protocol on Prohibitions or Restrictions

on the Use of Mines, Booby-Traps and Other Devices, as amended on 3 May 1996, annexed to

the Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons

Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects.

3.If a State Party believes that it will be unable to destroy or ensure the destruction of all

anti-personnel mines referred to in paragraph 1 within that time period, it may submit a request

to a Meeting of the States Parties or a Review Conference for an extension of the deadline for

completing the destruction of such anti-personnel mines, for a period of up to ten years.

4.Each request shall contain:

a)The duration of the proposed extension;

b)A detailed explanation of the reasons for the proposed extension, including:

(i) The preparation and status of work conducted under national demining programs;

(ii) The financial and technical means available to the State Party for the destruction of all the

anti-personnel mines; and

(iii) Circumstances which impede the ability of the State Party to destroy all the anti-personnel

mines in mined areas;

c)The humanitarian, social, economic, and environmental implications of the extension; and

d)Any other information relevant to the request for the proposed extension.

5.The Meeting of the States Parties or the Review Conference shall, taking into consideration

the factors contained in paragraph 4, assess the request and decide by a majority of votes of

States Parties present and voting whether to grant the request for an extension period.

6.Such an extension may be renewed upon the submission of a new request in accordance with

paragraphs 3, 4 and 5 of this Article. In requesting a further extension period a State Party shall

submit relevant additional information on what has been undertaken in the previous extension

period pursuant to this Article.

Article 6

International cooperation and assistance

1.In fulfilling its obligations under this Convention each State Party has the right to seek and

receive assistance, where feasible, from other States Parties to the extent possible.

2.Each State Party undertakes to facilitate and shall have the right to participate in the fullest

possible exchange of equipment, material and scientific and technological information

concerning the implementation of this Convention. The States Parties shall not impose undue

restrictions on the provision of mine clearance equipment and related technological information

for humanitarian purposes.

3.Each State Party in a position to do so shall provide assistance for the care and rehabilitation,

and social and economic reintegration, of mine victims and for mine awareness programs. Such

assistance may be provided, inter alia, through the United Nations system, international,

regional or national organizations or institutions, the International Committee of the Red Cross,

national Red Cross and Red Crescent societies and their International Federation,

non-governmental organizations, or on a bilateral basis.

4.Each State Party in a position to do so shall provide assistance for mine clearance and related

activities. Such assistance may be provided, inter alia, through the United Nations system,

international or regional organizations or institutions, non-governmental organizations or

institutions, or on a bilateral basis, or by contributing to the United Nations Voluntary Trust Fund

for Assistance in Mine Clearance, or other regional funds that deal with demining.

5.Each State Party in a position to do so shall provide assistance for the destruction of

stockpiled anti-personnel mines.

6.Each State Party undertakes to provide information to the database on mine clearance

established within the United Nations system, especially information concerning various means

and technologies of mine clearance, and lists of experts, expert agencies or national points of

contact on mine clearance.

7.States Parties may request the United Nations, regional organizations, other States Parties or

other competent intergovernmental or non-governmental fora to assist its authorities in the

elaboration of a national demining program to determine, inter alia:

a)The extent and scope of the anti-personnel mine problem;

b)The financial, technological and human resources that are required for the implementation of

the program;

c)The estimated number of years necessary to destroy all anti-personnel mines in mined areas

under the jurisdiction or control of the concerned State Party;

d)Mine awareness activities to reduce the incidence of mine-related injuries or deaths;

e)Assistance to mine victims;

f) The relationship between the Government of the concerned State Party and the relevant

governmental, inter-governmental or non-governmental entities that will work in the

implementation of the program.

8.Each State Party giving and receiving assistance under the provisions of this Article shall

cooperate with a view to ensuring the full and prompt implementation of agreed assistance

programs.

Article 7

Transparency measures

1.Each State Party shall report to the Secretary-General of the United Nations as soon as

practicable, and in any event not later than 180 days after the entry into force of this Convention

for that State Party on:

a)The national implementation measures referred to in Article 9;

b)The total of all stockpiled anti-personnel mines owned or possessed by it, or under its

jurisdiction or control, to include a breakdown of the type, quantity and, if possible, lot numbers

of each type of anti-personnel mine stockpiled;

c)To the extent possible, the location of all mined areas that contain, or are suspected to

contain, anti-personnel mines under its jurisdiction or control, to include as much detail as

possible regarding the type and quantity of each type of anti-personnel mine in each mined area

and when they were emplaced;

d)The types, quantities and, if possible, lot numbers of all anti-personnel mines retained or

transferred for the development of and training in mine detection, mine clearance or mine

destruction techniques, or transferred for the purpose of destruction, as well as the institutions

authorized by a State Party to retain or transfer anti-personnel mines, in accordance with Article

3;

e)The status of programs for the conversion or de-commissioning of anti-personnel mine

production facilities;

f) The status of programs for the destruction of anti-personnel mines in accordance with Articles

4 and 5, including details of the methods which will be used in destruction, the location of all

destruction sites and the applicable safety and environmental standards to be observed;

g) The types and quantities of all anti-personnel mines destroyed after the entry into force of this

Convention for that State Party, to include a breakdown of the quantity of each type of

anti-personnel mine destroyed, in accordance with Articles 4 and 5, respectively, along with, if

possible, the lot numbers of each type of anti-personnel mine in the case of destruction in

accordance with Article 4;

h) The technical characteristics of each type of anti-personnel mine produced, to the extent

known, and those currently owned or possessed by a State Party, giving, where reasonably

possible, such categories of information as may facilitate identification and clearance of

anti-personnel mines; at a minimum, this information shall include the dimensions, fusing,

explosive content, metallic content, colour photographs and other information which may

facilitate mine clearance; and

i) The measures taken to provide an immediate and effective warning to the population in

relation to all areas identified under paragraph 2 of Article 5.

2.The information provided in accordance with this Article shall be updated by the States Parties

annually, covering the last calendar year, and reported to the Secretary-General of the United

Nations not later than 30 April of each year.

3.The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall transmit all such reports received to the

States Parties.

Article 8

Facilitation and clarification of compliance

1.The States Parties agree to consult and cooperate with each other regarding the

implementation of the provisions of this Convention, and to work together in a spirit of

cooperation to facilitate compliance by States Parties with their obligations under this

Convention.

2. If one or more States Parties wish to clarify and seek to resolve questions relating to

compliance with the provisions of this Convention by another State Party, it may submit, through

the Secretary-General of the United Nations, a Request for Clarification of that matter to that

State Party. Such a request shall be accompanied by all appropriate information. Each State

Party shall refrain from unfounded Requests for Clarification, care being taken to avoid abuse. A

State Party that receives a Request for Clarification shall provide, through the Secretary-General

of the United Nations, within 28 days to the requesting State Party all information which would

assist in clarifying this matter.

3.If the requesting State Party does not receive a response through the Secretary-General of

the United Nations within that time period, or deems the response to the Request for

Clarification to be unsatisfactory, it may submit the matter through the Secretary-General of the

United Nations to the next Meeting of the States Parties. The Secretary-General of the United

Nations shall transmit the submission, accompanied by all appropriate information pertaining to

the Request for Clarification, to all States Parties. All such information shall be presented to the

requested State Party which shall have the right to respond.

4.Pending the convening of any meeting of the States Parties, any of the States Parties

concerned may request the Secretary-General of the United Nations to exercise his or her good

offices to facilitate the clarification requested.

5.The requesting State Party may propose through the Secretary-General of the United Nations

the convening of a Special Meeting of the States Parties to consider the matter. The

Secretary-General of the United Nations shall thereupon communicate this proposal and all

information submitted by the States Parties concerned, to all States Parties with a request that

they indicate whether they favour a Special Meeting of the States Parties, for the purpose of

considering the matter. In the event that within 14 days from the date of such communication, at

least one-third of the States Parties favours such a Special Meeting, the Secretary-General of

the United Nations shall convene this Special Meeting of the States Parties within a further 14

days. A quorum for this Meeting shall consist of a majority of States Parties.

6.The Meeting of the States Parties or the Special Meeting of the States Parties, as the case

may be, shall first determine whether to consider the matter further, taking into account all

information submitted by the States Parties concerned. The Meeting of the States Parties or the

Special Meeting of the States Parties shall make every effort to reach a decision by consensus.

If despite all efforts to that end no agreement has been reached, it shall take this decision by a

majority of States Parties present and voting.

7.All States Parties shall cooperate fully with the Meeting of the States Parties or the Special

Meeting of the States Parties in the fulfilment of its review of the matter, including any

fact-finding missions that are authorized in accordance with paragraph 8.

8. If further clarification is required, the Meeting of the States Parties or the Special Meeting of

the States Parties shall authorize a fact-finding mission and decide on its mandate by a majority

of States Parties present and voting. At any time the requested State Party may invite a

fact-finding mission to its territory. Such a mission shall take place without a decision by a

Meeting of the States Parties or a Special Meeting of the States Parties to authorize such a

mission. The mission, consisting of up to 9 experts, designated and approved in accordance

with paragraphs 9 and 10, may collect additional information on the spot or in other places

directly related to the alleged compliance issue under the jurisdiction or control of the requested

State Party.

9.The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall prepare and update a list of the names,

nationalities and other relevant data of qualified experts provided by States Parties and

communicate it to all States Parties. Any expert included on this list shall be regarded as

designated for all fact-finding missions unless a State Party declares its non-acceptance in

writing. In the event of non-acceptance, the expert shall not participate in fact-finding missions

on the territory or any other place under the jurisdiction or control of the objecting State Party, if

the non-acceptance was declared prior to the appointment of the expert to such missions.

10. Upon receiving a request from the Meeting of the States Parties or a Special Meeting of the

States Parties, the Secretary-General of the United Nations shall, after consultations with the

requested State Party, appoint the members of the mission, including its leader. Nationals of

States Parties requesting the fact-finding mission or directly affected by it shall not be appointed

to the mission. The members of the fact-finding mission shall enjoy privileges and immunities

under Article VI of the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations,

adopted on 13 February 1946.

11. Upon at least 72 hours notice, the members of the fact-finding mission shall arrive in the

territory of the requested State Party at the earliest opportunity. The requested State Party shall

take the necessary administrative measures to receive, transport and accommodate the

mission, and shall be responsible for ensuring the security of the mission to the maximum extent

possible while they are on territory under its control.

12. Without prejudice to the sovereignty of the requested State Party, the fact-finding mission

may bring into the territory of the requested State Party the necessary equipment which shall be

used exclusively for gathering information on the alleged compliance issue. Prior to its arrival,

the mission will advise the requested State Party of the equipment that it intends to utilize in the

course of its fact-finding mission.

13. The requested State Party shall make all efforts to ensure that the fact-finding mission is

given the opportunity to speak with all relevant persons who may be able to provide information

related to the alleged compliance issue.

14. The requested State Party shall grant access for the fact-finding mission to all areas and

installations under its control where facts relevant to the compliance issue could be expected to

be collected. This shall be subject to any arrangements that the requested State Party considers

necessary for:

a)The protection of sensitive equipment, information and areas;

b)The protection of any constitutional obligations the requested State Party may have with

regard to proprietary rights, searches and seizures, or other constitutional rights; or

c)The physical protection and safety of the members of the fact-finding mission.

In the event that the requested State Party makes such arrangements, it shall make every

reasonable effort to demonstrate through alternative means its compliance with this Convention.

15. The fact-finding mission may remain in the territory of the State Party concerned for no more

than 14 days, and at any particular site no more than 7 days, unless otherwise agreed.

16. All information provided in confidence and not related to the subject matter of the fact-finding

mission shall be treated on a confidential basis.

17. The fact-finding mission shall report, through the Secretary-General of the United Nations, to

the Meeting of the States Parties or the Special Meeting of the States Parties the results of its

findings.

18. The Meeting of the States Parties or the Special Meeting of the States Parties shall consider

all relevant information, including the report submitted by the fact-finding mission, and may

request the requested State Party to take measures to address the compliance issue within a

specified period of time. The requested State Party shall report on all measures taken in

response to this request.

19. The Meeting of the States Parties or the Special Meeting of the States Parties may suggest

to the States Parties concerned ways and means to further clarify or resolve the matter under

consideration, including the initiation of appropriate procedures in conformity with international

law. In circumstances where the issue at hand is determined to be due to circumstances beyond

the control of the requested State Party, the Meeting of the States Parties or the Special Meeting

of the States Parties may recommend appropriate measures, including the use of cooperative

measures referred to in Article 6.

20. The Meeting of the States Parties or the Special Meeting of the States Parties shall make

every effort to reach its decisions referred to in paragraphs 18 and 19 by consensus, otherwise

by a two-thirds majority of States Parties present and voting.

Article 9

National implementation measures

Each State Party shall take all appropriate legal, administrative and other measures, including

the imposition of penal sanctions, to prevent and suppress any activity prohibited to a State

Party under this Convention undertaken by persons or on territory under its jurisdiction or

control.

Article 10

Settlement of disputes

1.The States Parties shall consult and cooperate with each other to settle any dispute that may

arise with regard to the application or the interpretation of this Convention. Each State Party may

bring any such dispute before the Meeting of the States Parties.

2.The Meeting of the States Parties may contribute to the settlement of the dispute by whatever

means it deems appropriate, including offering its good offices, calling upon the States parties to

a dispute to start the settlement procedure of their choice and recommending a time-limit for any

agreed procedure.

3.This Article is without prejudice to the provisions of this Convention on facilitation and

clarification of compliance.

Article 11

Meetings of the States Parties

1.The States Parties shall meet regularly in order to consider any matter with regard to the

application or implementation of this Convention, including:

a) The operation and status of this Convention;

b) Matters arising from the reports submitted under the provisions of this Convention;

c) International cooperation and assistance in accordance with Article 6;

d) The development of technologies to clear anti-personnel mines;

e) Submissions of States Parties under Article 8; and

f) Decisions relating to submissions of States Parties as provided for in Article 5.

2.The First Meeting of the States Parties shall be convened by the Secretary-General of the

United Nations within one year after the entry into force of this Convention. The subsequent

meetings shall be convened by the Secretary-General of the United Nations annually until the

first Review Conference.

3.Under the conditions set out in Article 8, the Secretary-General of the United Nations shall

convene a Special Meeting of the States Parties.

4.States not parties to this Convention, as well as the United Nations, other relevant

international organizations or institutions, regional organizations, the International Committee of

the Red Cross and relevant non-governmental organizations may be invited to attend these

meetings as observers in accordance with the agreed Rules of Procedure.

Article 12

Review Conferences

1.A Review Conference shall be convened by the Secretary-General of the United Nations five

years after the entry into force of this Convention. Further Review Conferences shall be

convened by the Secretary-General of the United Nations if so requested by one or more States

Parties, provided that the interval between Review Conferences shall in no case be less than

five years. All States Parties to this Convention shall be invited to each Review Conference.

2.The purpose of the Review Conference shall be:

a) To review the operation and status of this Convention;

b) To consider the need for and the interval between further Meetings of the States Parties

referred to in paragraph 2 of Article 11;

c)To take decisions on submissions of States Parties as provided for in Article 5; and

d)To adopt, if necessary, in its final report conclusions related to the implementation of this

Convention.

3.States not parties to this Convention, as well as the United Nations, other relevant

international organizations or institutions, regional organizations, the

International Committee of the Red Cross and relevant non-governmental organizations may be

invited to attend each Review Conference as observers in accordance with the agreed Rules of

Procedure.

Article 13

Amendments

1.At any time after the entry into force of this Convention any State Party may propose

amendments to this Convention. Any proposal for an amendment shall be communicated to the

Depositary, who shall circulate it to all States Parties and shall seek their views on whether an

Amendment Conference should be convened to consider the proposal. If a majority of the

States Parties notify the Depositary no later than 30 days after its circulation that they support

further consideration of the proposal, the Depositary shall convene an Amendment Conference

to which all States Parties shall be invited.

2.States not parties to this Convention, as well as the United Nations, other relevant

international organizations or institutions, regional organizations, the International Committee of

the Red Cross and relevant non-governmental organizations may be invited to attend each

Amendment Conference as observers in accordance with the agreed Rules of Procedure.

3.The Amendment Conference shall be held immediately following a Meeting of the States

Parties or a Review Conference unless a majority of the States Parties request that it be held

earlier.

4.Any amendment to this Convention shall be adopted by a majority of two-thirds of the States

Parties present and voting at the Amendment Conference. The Depositary shall communicate

any amendment so adopted to the States Parties.

5.An amendment to this Convention shall enter into force for all States Parties to this

Convention which have accepted it, upon the deposit with the Depositary of instruments of

acceptance by a majority of States Parties. Thereafter it shall enter into force for any remaining

State Party on the date of deposit of its instrument of acceptance.

Article 14

Costs

1.The costs of the Meetings of the States Parties, the Special Meetings of the States Parties,

the Review Conferences and the Amendment Conferences shall be borne by the States Parties

and States not parties to this Convention participating therein, in accordance with the United

Nations scale of assessment adjusted appropriately.

2.The costs incurred by the Secretary-General of the United Nations under Articles 7 and 8 and

the costs of any fact-finding mission shall be borne by the States Parties in accordance with the

United Nations scale of assessment adjusted appropriately.

Article 15

Signature

This Convention, done at Oslo, Norway, on 18 September 1997, shall be open for signature at

Ottawa, Canada, by all States from 3 December 1997 until 4 December 1997, and at the United

Nations Headquarters in New York from 5 December 1997 until its entry into force.

Article 16

Ratification, acceptance, approval or accession

1.This Convention is subject to ratification, acceptance or approval of the Signatories.

2.It shall be open for accession by any State which has not signed the Convention.

3.The instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession shall be deposited with the

Depositary.

Article 17

Entry into force

1.This Convention shall enter into force on the first day of the sixth month after the month in

which the 40th instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession has been deposited.

2.For any State which deposits its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession

after the date of the deposit of the 40th instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or

accession, this Convention shall enter into force on the first day of the sixth month after the date

on which that State has deposited its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or

accession.

Article 18

Provisional application

Any State may at the time of its ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, declare that it

will apply provisionally paragraph 1 of Article 1 of this Convention pending its entry into force.

Article 19

Reservations

The Articles of this Convention shall not be subject to reservations.

Article 20

Duration and withdrawal

1.This Convention shall be of unlimited duration.

2.Each State Party shall, in exercising its national sovereignty, have the right to withdraw from

this Convention. It shall give notice of such withdrawal to all other States Parties, to the

Depositary and to the United Nations Security Council. Such instrument of withdrawal shall

include a full explanation of the reasons motivating this withdrawal.

3.Such withdrawal shall only take effect six months after the receipt of the instrument of

withdrawal by the Depositary. If, however, on the expiry of that six- month period, the

withdrawing State Party is engaged in an armed conflict, the withdrawal shall not take effect

before the end of the armed conflict.

4.The withdrawal of a State Party from this Convention shall not in any way affect the duty of

States to continue fulfilling the obligations assumed under any relevant rules of international law.

Article 21

Depositary

The Secretary-General of the United Nations is hereby designated as the Depositary of this

Convention.

Article 22

Authentic texts

The original of this Convention, of which the Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and

Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United

Nations.